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Pressure Grows on U.S. Companies to Share Covid Vaccine Technology

Pressure Grows on U.S. Companies to Share Covid Vaccine Technology


Worldwide health and fitness advocates say Moderna has a special obligation to share its technological know-how mainly because its vaccine relies in aspect on know-how made by the Nationwide Institutes of Health and fitness, and mainly because the business acknowledged $2.5 billion from the federal governing administration as portion of Procedure Warp Pace, the Trump administration’s fast-observe vaccine initiative.

A Moderna spokeswoman, Colleen Hussey, explained in an e mail concept Tuesday evening that the enterprise had agreed not to enforce its Covid-relevant patents and was “willing to license our intellectual property for Covid-19 vaccines to many others for the article pandemic interval.”

But advocates say the planet needs Moderna’s know-how now — not just after the pandemic is above.

Whilst sharing the vaccine “recipe” is a important initially move, it is not in and of by itself sufficient to allow for for the swift and effective established up of new mRNA producing areas, mentioned Alain Alsalhani, a vaccines professional with Health professionals With out Borders’ entry-to-medicines campaign.

“You will need another person to share all the method, mainly because it’s a new technology,” he reported. “One of the troubles we have is that the scientific literature about industrial-scale producing of mRNA vaccines is so trim. This is why it’s not just about a recipe, it is about an active and comprehensive tech transfer.”

Pfizer, in an emailed assertion, mentioned that it and its companion, BioNTech, had signed a letter of intent, introduced previous month, with the South African biopharmaceutical company Biovac, which is aspect of the South African hub, to manufacture Pfizer’s vaccine for African nations. But Biovac will only bottle the vaccine, which does not necessitate sharing the components. The precise “drug substance” will be created in Europe.

In the absence of voluntary cooperation from the companies, some lawful gurus and international health and fitness advocates say the Biden administration could endeavor to pressure them to share their intellectual home, employing the powers of the Defense Creation Act, a 1950 regulation that presents the president broad electrical power more than American companies in unexpected emergency predicaments.

Lawrence O. Gostin, a public health legislation specialist at Georgetown University, explained Mr. Biden could declare the pandemic a countrywide security threat, which would allow him to “require businesses to indication technological innovation transfer contracts in exchange for acceptable payment,” from both the federal governing administration or manufacturing associates.



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Canadian health officials warn of an ‘urgent need’ to vaccinate young adults.

Canadian health officials warn of an ‘urgent need’ to vaccinate young adults.


As one more wave of coronavirus conditions and hospitalizations rises in parts of Canada, its public wellness company is urging younger men and women, a lagging demographic in the country’s vaccination campaign, to roll up their sleeves.

In a new examination produced on Friday, the General public Health and fitness Agency of Canada said that there was an “urgent need” to improve vaccinations among Canadians aged 18 to 39 to reduce the danger that hospitals will become overcome. It pointed out that there was an speedy “window of opportunity” to slow transmissions.

Sixty-8 per cent of all Canadians are totally vaccinated, and 75 percent have received at minimum one particular dose, according to The New York Situations databases. By comparison, only 53 % of Us citizens are totally vaccinated and 62 % have been given at the very least one dose.

Amongst people Canadians qualified for the vaccine, aged 12 and over, 77 p.c are fully vaccinated. However, the amount is a lot decrease for people today in their 20s and 30s. Health and fitness officials say about 63 % of men and women aged 18 to 29 have been given both of those doses, when 68 percent of older people in their 30s are thoroughly inoculated.

As it has in other countries, the remarkably contagious Delta variant has driven up conditions and hospitalizations in Canada in modern weeks. On Thursday, the seven-day typical of new circumstances in Canada was 3,489, up 56 % from two months earlier, according to the Occasions database. Deaths rose 8 per cent around the very same time period.

Hospitalizations had been also up 34 per cent above the past week and were dominated by unvaccinated patients, the country’s chief community overall health officer, Dr. Theresa Tam, explained in a statement.

The upward trend could climb to far more than 15,000 cases a day by Oct if vaccination charges really don’t increase, the agency’s modeling confirmed. But, the maximize in instances could also be curbed if other general public health actions succeed in decreasing transmissions by 25 per cent, the company mentioned.

Some provinces could reach this by proscribing entry to a amount of general public configurations to the completely vaccinated. Both Quebec and Manitoba started vaccine passport systems this week, requiring folks to existing an digital or bodily proof of vaccination to enter particular locations, which include restaurants. British Columbia and Ontario are scheduled to impose very similar restrictions later on this month.

The Ontario government declared its vaccine passport system on Wednesday. The future day, bookings by persons in search of the shots more than doubled, the provincial health and fitness minister, Christine Elliott, said on Twitter. “Today, we’re previously looking at 1000’s extra Ontarians roll up their sleeves, approximately half of whom are receiving their to start with dose,” she explained.





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India Says It Will Prioritize Hindus and Sikhs in Visas for Afghans


India’s authorities stated on Tuesday that it would prioritize taking in Hindus and Sikhs from Afghanistan — a move that drew comparisons to a contentious 2019 citizenship legislation, enacted below Prime Minister Narendra Modi, that discriminates towards Muslims.

The country’s property ministry said it would introduce “unexpected emergency visas” to make it possible for Afghans to keep in India for six months. It did not say no matter whether Muslims, who make up the greater part of individuals in search of to leave Afghanistan as the Taliban just take about, would also be regarded.

“We are in continuous touch with the Sikh and Hindu group leaders in Kabul,” S. Jaishankar, India’s external affairs minister, mentioned on Twitter. “Their welfare will get our priority attention.”

That distinction prompted condemnation from some corners.

“Ashamed that the government of India response now is to glimpse at determined Afghan refugees not as humans fleeing persecution and certain loss of life, but from the watch of no matter if or not they’re Muslim,” Kavita Krishnan, an opposition politician mentioned on Twitter.





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Turkey Is Next as Wildfires Afflict Mediterranean Countries

Turkey Is Next as Wildfires Afflict Mediterranean Countries


Firefighters in Turkey struggled to incorporate dozens of wildfires raging for a 3rd working day on Friday, as fast-spreading blazes compelled popular holiday resorts and dozens of rural places together the Mediterranean coastline to be evacuated.

The fires, which authorities say may well have been sparked by arson or human carelessness, have killed at minimum 4 people and wounded approximately 200 other folks.

As travellers ended up pressured to flee hotels, some on boats as flames licked closer, community citizens in rural places watched the fires burn their households, kill their livestock and ruin their companies.

“Our lungs are burning, our foreseeable future is burning,” Muhittin Bocek, the mayor of Antalya, a vacation resort town, reported in a phone job interview from the ravaged town of Manavgat, about 50 miles east together the coastline.

The blazes are part of a broader sample of wildfires afflicting the Mediterranean this summer, with parts in Lebanon, Syria, Greece, Italy and Cyprus also battling quick-moving fires.

Underneath designs that display a international temperature enhance of three levels Celsius (or an added 5.4 degrees Fahrenheit), the substantial close of predictions, the ordinary area that burns every 12 months in southern Europe would double, according to a exploration paper released in Character in 2018.

And even if warming stays below 1.5 degrees Celsius, the target of the Paris Weather Accords, 40 % much more land could burn, the scientists warned.

Cyprus suffered some of its worst fires in decades this summer, killing at least 4. The authorities in Greece have evacuated regions north of Athens this week as forest fires have threatened residences in the vicinity of the capital. And in Italy, the island of Sardinia has confronted “a catastrophe devoid of precedent” this month, the region’s authorities have explained.

In Lebanon, where the condition has fundamentally stopped performing and authorities have scarcely taken any measures to assist stay away from the fires this summer season, a teen died this 7 days as blazes distribute throughout the northern portion of the region and into Syria.

In the city of Akkar, films shared online confirmed dystopian scenes of the fires spreading through the forests on Wednesday. Firefighters, the Lebanese armed forces, civil protection officers and volunteers have struggled to consist of them.

The fires compounded the suffering for a lot of in Lebanon living with every day shortages of gasoline and drugs, numerous ability cuts and the outcomes of an unprecedented monetary crisis.

Much more than 100 municipalities are facing significant risks of forest fires, the Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute stated this week.

In Turkey, the fires commenced on Wednesday in Manavgat, a town in the southern province of Antalya. By Friday there ended up fires in extra than 70 other spots across the country, the Turkish forestry directorate mentioned.

Some of the fires have been introduced less than manage, but a few people today died in Manavgat and a fourth one particular in Marmaris, another well known holiday vacation resort.

The fires also unfold to the holiday break destination of Bodrum, wherever at the very least two accommodations were being evacuated.

The Turkish authorities are however investigating the bring about of the fires, but on Thursday the government’s communications director, Fahrettin Altun, called them an “attack.”

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said law enforcement and intelligence officers were being on the lookout into claims of arson. “This is not one thing you can shrug off,” Mr. Erdogan told reporters in Istanbul on Friday. “Because it is pretty much at the very same time, in unique locations.”

Turkey has deployed some 4,000 firefighters, hundreds of vehicles and three planes to fight the fires, in accordance to the agriculture minister, Bekir Pakdemirli.

But to some residents, the response was gradual and insufficient.

“Does the Turkish Republic only have 3 planes?” just one resident of Manavgat yelled at the foreign minister, Mevlut Cavusoglu, as he frequented the city on Thursday evening.

Mr. Cavusoglu spoke towards the backdrop of a ravished landscape, and tv footage from previously in the day showed overall districts remaining vacant and smoking, total of charred homes below orange skies.

Mr. Bocek, the mayor of Antalya, said a single in four neighborhoods in Manavgat experienced to be evacuated.

In a neighborhood greatly dependent on farming and raising livestock, Mr. Bocek said most people ended up still not allowed to return household as the fires had been not below handle.

With tensions large, a crowd attacked two individuals on Thursday, blaming them for commencing the fires, in accordance to Turkish media experiences. When the military police intervened to shield the pair, a mob experimented with to wrest them back again, with out achievement.

Even though anger boiled in some destinations, in other folks there experienced not been time to think about who to blame.

“When the flames arrived on us, we couldn’t conserve anything at all but the cow,” Nuray Canbolat, a resident in the Kozan district in the southern province of Adana, claimed in a televised interview with the condition-operate Anadolu news agency. “We just saved our lives.”





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Live Stock Market Tracker and Updates

Live Stock Market Tracker and Updates


Wall Avenue wavers as worldwide markets climb.

Stocks on Tuesday primarily shrugged off more and more chaotic scenes in the course of the United States, as protesters and police confronted off across the place and President Trump threatened to use the military to quell popular unrest sparked by the loss of life of George Floyd, a black man in Minneapolis, at the fingers of law enforcement very last 7 days.

The S&P 500 opened up less than fifty percent a % just before drifting involving gains and losses. Strength, economic and industrial shares led the gains early, suggesting that buyers had been concentrating on tentative symptoms of economic stabilization as an alternative of the opportunity effects of the protests.

In excess of the earlier 7 days, countless numbers have been arrested, including almost 500 people today in the Twin Metropolitan areas, more than 2,000 in Los Angeles, and a lot more than 1,200 in New York Town. And mayors of numerous cities have cited harm in the thousands and thousands of pounds, incorporating another obstacle to an economic climate that is previously in deep distress because of the Covid-19 outbreak.

But so considerably, traders have included the unrest to the listing of other troubles that they are prepared to forget. Regardless of a pandemic that has claimed additional than 100,000 American lives, and the worst economic downturn given that the Fantastic Depression of the 1930s, the inventory marketplace has roared larger since late march, largely on the back again of the generation of trillions of new dollars by the Federal Reserve, which have been pumped into the economic technique.

Due to the fact March 23, when the Federal Reserve signaled its willingness to do whatsoever it normally takes to stabilize financial marketplaces that were being in disarray for the reason that of the Covid-19 disaster, the S&P has soared much more than 37 p.c. It is now considerably less than 10 % beneath its pre-pandemic higher.

Airways say it’s safe to journey. But is it?

Airlines and airports close to the planet are undertaking all the things they can to instill confidence that it is safe and sound to fly once again, in spite of the coronavirus pandemic.

Airways are requiring encounter masks for passengers and workers, imposing new aircraft cleaning methods, employing social distancing to board flights, blocking middle seats on planes and, in a person case, even prohibiting travellers from lining up to use aircraft loos.

As to the airports, they are screening passengers’ temperatures by way of significant- and low-tech signifies utilizing biometric screening to velocity check out-in, protection and customs and immigration processes and working with autonomous robots to clean terminal floors.

But none of it is constant. And it is unclear no matter if the actions are sufficient.

“So considerably is uncertain proper now,” reported Henry Harteveldt, founder of Ambiance Investigation Group, a San Francisco vacation assessment company. “Do airports and airlines require to make investments in something very long-time period that will be long-lasting, like airport safety, or are these small-time period, tactical responses?”

Dr. Joshua Schiffer, an infectious condition medical professional at the Fred Hutchinson Most cancers Exploration Middle in Seattle, claimed, “It’s next to unattainable to have entire self-assurance you won’t get infected” on flights. But he included that he hoped that airlines would deliver tourists “publicly out there details on what the projected threat would be to a sure location, so you could pick your airline based mostly on the top quality of this information.”

The Congressional Spending budget Office environment projected on Monday that the coronavirus pandemic could price tag the United States financial system $16 trillion in excess of the next 10 several years. When altering for inflation, the pandemic is projected to bring about a $7.9 trillion, or 3 %, reduction in “real” G.D.P. by way of 2030.

The projections mirror the steep extensive-phrase toll that the pandemic is likely to take on the economic climate, which could experience dampened shopper paying and business financial investment in the yrs forward. Considerably of the diminished output is projected to be the outcome of weaker inflation, as selling prices for electricity and transportation improve extra slowly than they otherwise would have as Us residents pull again on travel.

Phillip L. Swagel, the director of the spending plan place of work, acknowledged that “an unusually substantial degree of uncertainty surrounds these financial projections” simply because of what continues to be not known about the pandemic’s trajectory, as well as the impact of social distancing and the legislation enacted by the federal govt.

As publishers scramble to restrict the financial fallout of declining gross sales driven by the epidemic, hundreds of publications that ended up scheduled to come out this spring and early summer time have been postponed, in some instances until up coming year.

The consequence may well be an avalanche of substantial-profile books this tumble, in the middle of a presidential election, when consumers may be even far more distracted.

Delayed titles involve literary fiction by Elena Ferrante and David Mitchell, a reserve about manhood and parenting by the actor and comic Michael Ian Black, “God-Level Know-how Darts” from the comedy duo Desus and Mero, and nonfiction by well known general public intellectuals like Ayaan Hirsi Ali and Pankaj Mishra.

“We’re a tiny fearful of the drop year becoming a gridlock of big books,” stated Jonathan Burnham, the publisher of the HarperCollins imprint Harper, which has moved a handful of books, which includes “Battlegrounds,” from Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster, the former countrywide protection adviser.

It may well not be a poor challenge to have. A flood of eagerly expected written content is absolutely preferable to the canceled displays, concerts and other events that have disrupted the broader cultural planet.

The reshuffling has brought on logistical logjams, as guides by notable authors transfer into an ever more crowded window for media focus, reviews and bookstore show area. Some publishers, specially smaller sized properties, stress that printing plants will be overwhelmed, which could make it hard to hold books in inventory.

“Most of us envisioned that, by drop, factors would be, if not just back again to standard, quite close to it,” reported Monthly bill Clegg, a literary agent whose have novel, “The Stop of the Working day,” was delayed until late September. “Now, two and a 50 % months later, that strategy has a distant, once-upon-a-time good quality to it.”

The new head of a impressive banking regulator is not letting his initially full 7 days on the task move quietly, warning that measures meant to incorporate the distribute of the coronavirus — which include mandates for the use of masks in community — could endanger the economic procedure.



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As Protests Engulf the United States, China Revels in the Unrest

As Protests Engulf the United States, China Revels in the Unrest


The cartoon reveals the Statue of Liberty cracking into pieces, a law enforcement officer breaking by way of its copper robe. A man’s head lies on the ground in entrance of the White House, its facade splattered with blood.

“Beneath human rights,” suggests the title of the cartoon, which was published by People’s Daily, the Chinese Communist Party’s flagship newspaper, and circulated broadly on social media web pages this week.

“The violent protests in the streets of urban The united states are further discrediting the U.S. in the eyes of standard Chinese,” stated Susan Shirk, chair of the U.C. San Diego 21st Century China Center. “The propaganda depicts American politicians as hypocrites residing in glass homes even though throwing stones at China.”

Ms. Shirk claimed that as the name of the United States suffers in China less folks may well be prepared to voice guidance for American ideals, this sort of as no cost markets and civil liberties.

“Even without having the propaganda, Chinese folks these days find little to admire in the U.S.,” she mentioned. “As the U.S. product is tarnished, the voice of Chinese liberals is silenced.”

“When it will come to their country’s protection, they connect good great importance,” she claimed at a standard information briefing. “When it comes to my country’s stability, primarily relating to Hong Kong’s present-day circumstance, they’ve place on tinted glasses.”

Chinese officers, wading into the sophisticated racial politics of the United States, have at times struggled with striking the appropriate observe.

A spokeswoman for the Chinese international ministry, Hua Chunying, was commonly praised in China a short while ago when she wrote “I cannot breathe” in reaction to a crucial Twitter put up by an American formal.

But she experienced considerably less results with a submit on Monday, when she wrote “All life make a difference,” seemingly unaware she was embracing a slogan that has been utilized in the United States to criticize the #BlackLivesMatter motion.

Chinese officials have applied the protests to revive favored propaganda themes, including the notion that the United States acts as a bully on the world stage, meddling in the affairs of other nations around the world. Hong Kong has been a certain position of competition, with several information shops in China pairing illustrations or photos of burning properties and flags in American cities together with responses previous yr by Nancy Pelosi, the speaker of the Dwelling, praising demonstrations in Hong Kong. Ms. Pelosi said the city’s protests had been a “beautiful sight to behold.”

The editor in main of World-wide Situations, Hu Xijin, mentioned that the assaults were to be anticipated provided the powerful criticism of China by American officers about the past year.

“It’s a type of vengeful sensation, which I assume is human mother nature,” he claimed in an interview. “Americans should not be sad about it.”

Mr. Hu mentioned the unrest in the United States, as perfectly as the failures in the country’s response to the coronavirus pandemic, had strengthened assurance amid a lot of Chinese in Beijing’s political procedure.

“It has made them imagine that the government of this region seriously cares about people’s life and perfectly-getting,” he stated. “They see how the U.S. government and cash despise the lives and interests of susceptible and marginalized teams.”

Nationalism has been in entire pressure in current times on the Chinese world-wide-web, with a lot of persons getting to Weibo, a well known microblogging system, to denounce the “arrogance” of the United States and Mr. Trump. Hashtags about the American protests, which include the choice to deploy the Nationwide Guard in some cities, are amongst the most well-known topics on the site.

Some be concerned that the propaganda marketing campaign may possibly more inflame tensions between the two countries. He Weifang, an outspoken law professor in Beijing, stated that even some critics of the authorities are turning into a lot more sympathetic to the formal line.

“Any Chinese with a mind,” he reported, “would not basically look at it as China being so prosperous and the U.S. staying a failure.”

But, he additional, “with the awful compression of house for cost-free speech, several people’s heads are step by step broken.”

Elaine Yu contributed reporting from Hong Kong. Albee Zhang and Claire Fu contributed research.





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Coronavirus, Italy, Bernie Sanders: Your Tuesday Briefing

Coronavirus, Italy, Bernie Sanders: Your Tuesday Briefing


(Want to get this briefing by e mail? Here’s the indication-up.)

Very good morning.

We’re covering Italy’s nationwide coronavirus lockdown, a pretty terrible working day on Wall Avenue and a important electoral test for Bernie Sanders.

Referring to his region as “Italy, protected zone,” Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte said classifications among stages of threat in various regions and provinces would be replaced by a blanket restriction on nonessential movement throughout the state of 60 million persons.

The most up-to-date: The Italian authorities reported that 1,598 much more people experienced contracted the virus, and that there had been 97 additional fatalities since Sunday. Italy now has 9,172 confirmed circumstances, producing it the web site of the greatest outbreak outside China. We have stay updates and a map of where the virus has spread.

Xi Jinping: China’s leader frequented Wuhan this early morning for the 1st time due to the fact the coronavirus outbreak erupted there. His stop by to the town, which was closed off in late January, sends a potent sign that the Chinese govt believes the worst of its nationwide emergency is above.

Belief: An writer in Milan observes that a sense of indignation about journey restrictions has morphed into a dawning feeling of local community recognition. “Perhaps we will even have to get to know every other, albeit devoid of shaking hands,” he writes.

6 states maintain Democratic presidential primaries nowadays, and Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont hopes to revive his flagging campaign with a victory above previous Vice President Joe Biden in Michigan, the 1st of the major Midwestern battlegrounds to forged ballots.

But Mr. Sanders may well experience even longer odds of successful Michigan than he did in the 2016 major, when doing work-class white voters propelled him to victory there above Hillary Clinton.

Track record: Mr. Biden, who received 10 of the 14 states that voted past Tuesday, is racking up endorsements from former rivals and is predicted to do properly right now with black Democrats and faculty-educated white voters. But Mr. Sanders has been campaigning challenging in Michigan, and functioning Television set ads that assault Mr. Biden on trade and Social Stability.

Context: “The Sanders marketing campaign has uncovered a class divide in just the Democratic Bash,” two of our political reporters publish. “His guarantees of a leg up are most alluring to individuals who need to have it, and most confounding to those people who do not.”

Yet another angle: The Democratic presidential nominee will almost absolutely be (a further) male. Celebration activists, elected officials and voters are pushing for a girl to occupy the 2nd spot on the ticket.

Go deeper: On a excursion to her hometown in Michigan, Rebecca Blumenstein, a deputy controlling editor of The Times, explored why it doesn’t “fall into a neat script” of American political polarization.

Do any scenes, or tales, from Idlib stand out?

What astonished me was to hear how so several people experienced fled their households in the center of the night time, often only in the garments they had been wearing. There has been a quite fast advance by the Syrian-Russian forces, and people today suddenly located themselves in severe threat. There are a lot of who do not have cars and trucks, and households experienced to pile entirely, often five folks, on a person motorbike.

The most highly effective estimate in your piece — “The only preference is to wait around for death” — arrives from a female who experienced fled to Idlib town and settled in a close by city. It was relayed by her son Hikmat al-Khatib, an orthopedic surgeon. What’s his story?



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Haunted by a Gene – The New York Times

Haunted by a Gene - The New York Times


The experts, arriving by boat, identified individuals just about everywhere, some of them children, with the traditional writhing and flailing signs of the condition, which was recognized domestically as “el mal.”

Dr. Wexler instructed them that she and they had been relevant, that her household had the illness, as well. She confirmed them a little scar on her arm where she’d had a pores and skin sample taken, as she was inquiring them to do.

“I fell in adore with them,” she said.

For 20 years, she returned with groups that ultimately gathered 4,000 blood samples. They traced the path of the sickness by means of 10 generations in a relatives tree that involved a lot more than 18,000 men and women.

“Working with Nancy in Venezuela was a true testomony to how an unique can just take a crew and get completely water out of a brick,” reported Dr. Anne B. Younger, a professor and former main of neurology at the Massachusetts Standard Clinic, who manufactured 22 outings to Venezuela with Dr. Wexler. “She was able to consider all of us and drive us, 16 hour times out in the subject exactly where it was 96 degrees and 90 % humidity.”

Dr. Wexler was a highly effective presence.

“She was just thoroughly charismatic, and when you walked into the space she would hug you and look you in the eye and pay attention to every thing you explained,” Dr. Young mentioned. “She never ever considered about herself. She was normally considering about what she could find out from the other particular person. Persons just grew to become completely devoted to her. Everyone felt they’d take a bullet for her.”

In 1983, just 4 decades just after the 1st vacation, the staff found a marker, a extend of DNA that was not the gene alone but nearby. It took a fifty percent dozen significant-driven research teams — handpicked by Dr. Wexler and her father — 10 much more a long time to find the gene alone, on chromosome 4, one particular of the 23 pairs of chromosomes located in most cells in the body.

The discovery was a landmark in genetics, a single that researchers say would never have happened without Dr. Wexler.



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